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四六級作文必備新概念金句

作者: admin來源: 網絡文章 時間: 2019-10-07

大家都知道《新概念英語》的語言特別優美,這回我們就從書中整理出了一些英文寫作可以套用的段落和句型,希望對你的作文有幫助。

1開宗明義型

句型一

Whether ...or not largely depends on

原文

▌Whether we find a joke funny or not largely depends on where we have been brought up.

我們覺得一則笑話是否可笑,很大程度上取決于我們生長在何地。

巧用

▌Whether we find a plan feasible or not largely depends on whether it can bring profits.

.我們覺得一個計劃是否可行,很大程度上取決于它能否產生效益。

句型二

... has never appealed to ....

原文

▌The quiet life of the country has never appealed to me.

寧靜的鄉村生活從來沒有吸引過我。

巧用

▌The noisy, busy life of the city has never appealed to me.

喧鬧、忙碌的城市生活從來沒有吸引過我。

句型三

Although ... may be the most powerful impulses to ... , there are others.

原文

▌Although truth and justice may be the most powerful impulses to show moral courage, there are others. Compassion is one of them.

雖然勇于真理和正義可能是表現道德勇氣的最強推動力,但還有其他因素。慈悲更是其中之一。

巧用

▌Although science and technology may be the most powerful impulses to push forward a country, there are others. The overall quality of its people is one of them.

雖然科技可能是推動一個國家進步的最大動力,但還有其他因素。國民的整體素質便是其中之一。

★ 點評 ★

以上幾例都是文章的起首句,即全文的觀點句。作者幾乎沒有做任何過度和鋪設,鮮明直白,直抒胸臆,與漢語表達方式的迂回委婉大相徑庭。這也應了這樣一個道理:越簡單,越深刻。

2描述現狀型

句型一

With the advent of ... we have the promise of ...

原文

▌With the advent of the new phase of technology we call automation, we have the promise both of greater leisure and even greater material and intellectual riches.

隨著我們稱之為自動化的技術新時代的到來,我們將擁有更多的閑暇時光,享有更多的物質和精神財富。

巧用

▌With the advent of the 21st century, we have the promise of a wider choice of employment and therefore, more opportunities to make a fortune.

隨著21世紀的到來,我們將擁有更多的就業和賺錢機會。

句型二

... have come to pervade every aspect of our lives, and, as a result, ...

原文

▌Science and technology have come to pervade every aspect of our lives, and, as a result, society is changing at a speed which is quite unprecedented.

科技已滲入我們生活的方方面面,其結果是社會以前所未有的速度發生著變化。

巧用

▌Advertising has come to pervade every aspect of our lives, and, as a result, it is playing an increasingly more essential role in our purchases.

廣告已滲入我們生活的方方面面,其結果是它在我們的購買活動中起著越來越重要的作用。

★ 點評 ★

在描述社會發展等話題時,例1是我們比較熟悉的模式,即漢語中的“隨著……”。例2則比較新穎,句型結構更加復雜,在寫作中可交替使用,富于變化。

3啟承轉合型

句型一

... is quite the opposite.

原文

▌The other side of the picture is quite the opposite.

另一種想法恰恰相反。

巧用

▌But the truth is quite the opposite.

但真實情況恰恰相反。

句型二

... is only part of the picture.

原文

▌This idyllic pastoral scene is only part of the picture.

這種田園詩般的鄉村美景只是一個側面。

巧用

▌Academic performance is only part of the picture.

學習成績只是一部分。

★ 點評 ★

在議論文寫作過程中,中國考生一般是將所有觀點按序排列,若要轉換話題時,多以but, however 等詞過渡,略顯單薄和單調。而以上兩例不僅可以延展文章的長度,也具有視覺緩沖的效果,使閱卷人或讀者能繼續保持較高的注意力和興趣度。

4利弊說明型

句型一

... has an ambivalence... it ... but ...

原文

▌The car has a curious ambivalence:it creates and then it destroys mobility. The car tempts people further out and then gives them the appalling problem of getting back. It makes them believe they can spend Sunday in Brighton, but makes it impossible for them to return before, say, two in the morning.

汽車有著令人奇怪的自相矛盾:它創造了機動性,又親自將其毀掉。汽車誘使人們更多地遠行,然后又使他們面臨如何返回的巨大難題。它使人們相信能在布萊頓度過周末,卻無法在凌晨兩點返回。

巧用

▌Women has a ambivalence when it comes to hunting for spouses: they hope that their future husband can be handsome. But they fear a handsome husband may attract too much attention and be seduced by other women.

女性擇偶時有種矛盾心態:她們希望找個帥哥,又擔心太帥的男人會吸引過多目光,并被別的女人勾走。

★ 點評 ★

利弊說明是議論文中頻繁采用的寫作手段,其方式一般分為兩種:一種是將優點和缺點分別羅列,構成比較的兩大整塊,即A, A, A…, B, B, B…型(A為優點,B為缺點,下同);另一種則是將優點、缺點交叉羅列,即上例使用的A,B,A,B…型。相對而言,后者條理更加清晰,讀者更易理解。

5說明闡述型

句型一

... XX ... have been used for ... The former / first ... The latter / second ...

原文

▌Two main techniques have been used for training elephants, which we may call respectively the tough and the gentle. The former method simply consists of setting an elephant to work and beating him until he does what is expected of him…The gentle method requires more patience in the early stages, but produces a cheerful, good-tempered elephant who will give many years of loyal service.

馴象主要有兩種方法,可分別稱為強硬法和溫柔法。簡而言之,前一種方法就是讓象干活,并把它打到順從為止……溫柔法在早期需要(馴象者)更大的耐心,但馴出的象心甘情愿,脾氣好,會為主人忠心服務多年。

巧用

▌Three approaches can be used for improving air quality. The first is to plant more trees ... The next is to use clean energy ... Finally, the government needs to optimize industrial layout.

有三種方法可以改善空氣質量。一是增加綠化,而是使用清潔能源,三是優化工業布局。

★ 點評 ★

該例是說明文極為常見的類型,敘述時如果想使語言增加變化,可采用詞匯替換等手段。另需注意:說明文宜多采用被動式,譯成漢語時可考慮采用主動式。

6歸納總結型

句型一

As is often pointed out, ...

原文

▌As is often pointed out, knowledge is a two-edged weapon which can be used equally for good or evil.

人們常說知識是一把雙刃劍,它既能造福人類,也能禍害人類。

巧用

▌As is often pointed out, income-tax is a two-edged weapon which, on the one hand, narrows the gap between the haves and the have-nots, and to some extent dampens the passion of the former on the other.

人們常說收入所得稅是一把雙刃劍。一方面它使得貧富差距縮小,而另一方面一定程度上挫傷了高收入者的積極性。

句型二

What characterizes almost all ... is ...

原文

▌What characterizes almost all Hollywood pictures is their inner emptiness.

幾乎所有好萊塢影片都空洞無內涵。

巧用

▌What characterizes almost all TV programs is their monotony.

幾乎所有電視節目都很單調乏味。

▌What characterizes almost all newspapers and magazines is the excess of commercials.

幾乎所有報刊雜志都登載了太多商業廣告。

句型三

Whatever ... , one thing is certain / clear

原文

▌Whatever the source of noise, one thing is certain: Silence, it seems, has become a golden memory.

無論何種噪聲源,有一點是肯定的:寧靜似乎已成為金色的回憶了。

▌Whatever the results of this investigation, one thing is clear: Violence like this has no place in this country.

無論調查結果如何,有一點是肯定的:暴力在這個國家是不容許存在的。

★ 點評 ★

議論文最常見的結尾方式是以so, therefore, thus, hence 等標志詞引導。而以上三例則另辟蹊徑,表達方式千姿百態,卻起到了殊途同歸的功效。因此,充足的知識儲備才能真正達到“下筆如有神”的境界。

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